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yorck class cruiser

Posted on December 19th, 2020

The Ersatz Yorck class was a group of three battlecruisers ordered but not completed for the German Kaiserliche Marine (Imperial Navy) in 1916. [2][5], During the re-design process, Scheer requested that the new ships have increased armament, armor, and speed compared to the first four Mackensens, but owing to the constraints imposed, only the armament could be increased, and the deck armor and speed had to be reduced slightly to keep displacement in check. Since the ships' propulsion systems had already been ordered, they were kept essentially identical to the original Mackensen design, although internal rearrangements allowed the boilers to be trunked into one large funnel rather than the two of the Mackensens, which conferred several advantages. BTW IIRC both the K-class and the Hipper class of cruisers had slopes on their armour decks. York eventually received a rotating catapult amidships behind the funnels, and Exeter had a fixed pair in the same location, firing forwards and angled out from the centreline. The name derived from the fact that the lead ship was intended as a replacement (German: ersatz) for the armored cruiser Yorck, lost to mines in 1914, and it had been ordered under the provisional Ersatz Yorck. The main armored deck ranged in thickness from 30 mm in less important areas, to 80 mm (3.1 in) in the sections that covered the more critical areas of the ship. armored cruiser yorck. The guns were placed in MPL C/13 mountings, which allowed depression to −10 degrees and elevation to 70 degrees. Capelle stated that the last three Mackensens—Ersatz Yorck, Ersatz Scharnhorst, and Ersatz Gneisenau—and Ersatz Friedrich Carl if work had not proceeded too far along, should be reordered as a completely new design, GK6, which he submitted. [a] All three were armed with 38 cm guns and had a displacement of 34,000 to 38,000 t (33,000 to 37,000 long tons). These included a significant reduction in smoke interference with the spotting tops and additional room to move the tripod mast further aft, which reduced the risk of the mast falling on the conning tower in the event of battle damage and increased the field of view from the spotting top. After 1917, work on Ersatz Yorck only took place in order to occupy dockyard workers who could not be employed on U-boat construction. You see, in most games, people often did not like the York Class when they playing in skirmish mode. In both designs the turrets were arranged in two superfiring pairs, one forward and the other aft. Laid down 16th May 1927, launched 17th February 1928, completed 6th June 1930. It was initially planned to build seven ships of this class, though in the end only two were constructed—HMS York, started in 1927, and HMS Exeter, started in 1928. The other two ships, Ersatz Gneisenau, and Ersatz Scharnhorst, were considered to be replacements for the armored cruisers Gneisenau and Scharnhorst, both of which had been sunk at the Battle of the Falkland Islands, also in 1914. She augmented the forces assigned to the I Scouting Group , which primarily consisted of the battlecruisers Seydlitz , Moltke , and Von der Tann and the large armored cruiser … They were initially intended to favor high speed for reconnaissance over the heavier gun armament of the Cöln class, though by the final iterations, they were as powerful as the earlier class. The shell allotment was divided between armor piercing and high explosive versions, with 60 of the former and 30 of the latter. Here comes the battlecruiser SMS Yorck of 1920, just after trials and ready for commissioning. The three ships had originally been ordered as additions to the Mackensen class, but developments abroad, particularly the British Renown-class battlecruisers, led to the navy re-designing the ships. Hebbinghaus nevertheless allowed that the design staff had some leeway in warship development that could be used to get around the legal restrictions. This was raked in York to clear the flue gasses from the bridge, but was straight in Exeter owing to an altered bridge design and more extensive trunking. The German Imperial Navy (Kaiserliche Marine) created a series of fleet cruiser designs—designated Flottenkreuzer—in 1916 to follow the Cöln-class cruisers ordered in 1915. [2][19], Already in 1918, the design staff revived the grosskampfschiff concept with a series of design studies that ranged from smaller counterparts to the British Courageous class of "large light cruisers" to very large, 45,000 t (44,000 long tons) battlecruisers armed with 42 cm (16.5 in) guns. Laid down 1st August 1928, launched 13th July 1929, completed 31st July 1931. On 19 April, the Construction Department submitted several design proposals, including GK1, GK2, and GK3. Indeed, Ersatz Yorck had already been laid down in July. [4] The Mark II mounting was capable of firing at up to 80 degrees elevation for anti-aircraft barrage fire. The main battery gun turrets were also heavily armored: the turret sides were 270 mm (11 in) thick and the roofs were 110 mm (4.3 in). The Yorck is a paper ship that was never built. The Ersatz Yorcks were intended to mount a pair of rudders side by side for steering. By this time, much of the construction resources of the German Navy had been redirected to the U-boat fleet, so the new ships could not be completed before 1920; as a result, the Mackensens would be inferior to the latest American and British designs. The rear conning tower was less well armored; its sides were only 200 mm (7.9 in) and the roof was covered with 50 mm (2 in) of armor plate. Ersatz Yorck and Ersatz Gneisenau were intended to use Föttinger fluid transmission for their turbines, while Ersatz Scharnhorst's turbines retained direct coupled geared transmissions. Work on Ersatz Yorck began with her keel laying in July 1916 under yard number 63, and the midship section of the hull had been assembled by the time the ships were redesigned. The 15 cm guns had 150 mm worth of armor plating in the casemates; the guns themselves had 70 mm (2.8 in) shields to protect their crews from shell splinters. The transmitting station was also covered by 1in armour. The name derived from the fact that the lead ship was intended as a replacement (German: ersatz) for the armored cruiser Yorck lost to mines in 1914. )[2], The new design was to have a displacement of 8,500 tons, as opposed to the 10,000 tons of the County class. Hello viewers! These guns fired 9 kg (20 lb) shells, and had an effective ceiling of 9,150 m (30,020 ft) at 70 degrees. The two cruisers turn tail and run, screaming for help. British naval ship classes of the Second World War, Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, 0.5 inch Mk.III Vickers (12.7 mm, L/50) machine guns, Ships of the Royal Navy: The Complete Record of all Fighting Ships of the Royal Navy, https://military.wikia.org/wiki/York-class_cruiser?oldid=2623255, Pages using duplicate arguments in template calls, 8,250 tons standard / 10,350 tons full load, Eight Admiralty 3-drum water-tube boilers, 1,900 tons oil fuel; 10,000 nmi (20,000 km) at 14 knots (26 km/h), 8,390 tons standard / 10,410 tons full load, Rammed and crippled by two Italian explosive motor boats at. The then called Yorck class also included 38 cm guns and were the first German capital ships with only one funnel. The roof of the turret, however, was not sufficiently strong to carry this catapult and it was never fitted. 14 new cruisers. : SMS Yorck is part of the Armored cruisers of Germany series, a good topic.This is identified as among the best series of articles produced by the Wikipedia community. The shells were 45.3 kg (100 lb), and were loaded with a 13.7 kg (30 lb) RPC/12 propellant charge in a brass cartridge. These guns were intended for defense against torpedo boats, and were supplied with a total of 2,240 shells. The Yorck is 40 miles North of the Lutzow, closer to the Faeroes, when the radar room pick up a reading almost 20 miles away, and a burst of radio chatter from the same direction indicates the Yorck has found what it was looking for, the British Cruiser patrolling the gap. A 45 mm (1.8 in) torpedo bulkhead ran the length of the hull, several meters behind the main belt. Exeter was ordered two years later and the bridge was redesigned in light of this, being lower, further forward and fully enclosed, as later seen in the Leander and Arethusa classes. To maintain homogeneity of appearance, York stepped raked masts and Exeter vertical ones. [16], The forward conning tower was protected with heavy armor: the sides were 300 mm thick and the roof was 130 mm (5.1 in). Exeter differed in appearance from York because of late changes in her design. [2][14] The ships would have been supplied with approximately fifteen torpedoes. Work on the first ship had already begun by the time the navy decided to re-design the ships, so the design staff was constrained by the need to use the material already assembled. Over the magazine spaces, the belt thickened to 4in, and the armour extended above the belt, with a 2.5-in magazine crown The turrets had 2in armour to the face and crown, 1.5in on sides and rear, and the barbettes on which the turrets sat had 1in armour. "GK" stood for "Grosse Kreuzer" (large cruiser), the German term for battlecruisers at the time. As the preceding County class cruisers had virtually no armour, protection was added into the design and included a 3-inch-thick (76 mm), 8-foot-deep (2 m) main belt and an armoured lower deck joining at its top edge. [2][7], The power plant was rated 90,000 shaft horsepower (67,000 kW; 91,000 PS) and 295 revolutions per minute, the same as the preceding Mackensen-class ships. [16][c] They had an armor belt that was 300 mm (11.8 in) thick in the central citadel of the ship, where the most important parts of the ship were located. Scheer objected to the decrease in speed, and for the time being, Hebbinghaus's and Capelle's proposals came to nothing. Scrapped February 1952. Work on the first ship had already begun by the … When Germany learned of the construction of new British battlecruisers with 38,1 guns in 1916 (Renown and Repulse), the three last ships of the Mackensen class were modified to match the new British designs. Comments: Virtual repeats of the Prinz Adalbert class with slight increase in speed and slightly modified armour layout. [12][13], As was standard for warships of the period, the Ersatz Yorcks were to be equipped with submerged torpedo tubes. Nevertheless, the work that had gone into the Ersatz Yorck design was not a wasted effort; when the design staff began work on the Scharnhorst-class battleships in the 1930s, they used the plans for Ersatz Yorck as a starting point. Allowed depression to −10 degrees and elevation to 70 degrees 30 of Ersatz... In class 2.1 HMS York ( 90 ) 2.2 HMS Exeter ( )... Areas of the County class. [ 3 ] constructed with longitudinal steel with! 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