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list of chinese compound words

Posted on December 19th, 2020

There are many ways in which the subordination can manifest itself: 房型 – fáng xíng – layout of house (house + model), 楼花 – lóu huā – building that is put up for sale before it is completed (floor + to spend), 监事 – jiān shì – supervisor (supervise + matter). 0000002150 00000 n Only a few of these names (e.g. 0000003824 00000 n Combination of two single word gives Compound Word. Teacher says a compound word, and students repeat the word. 0000004927 00000 n There are three different types of compound words: Closed form: Two words are joined together to create a new meaning (firefly, softball, redhead, keyboard, makeup, notebook). In general, reviewing the compound word list can also be a great idea and will familiarize you with compound words. Your email address will not be published. She also provides Chinese characters whenever she uses a a Pinyin word, e.g., Ayi (阿姨) or Lin Yue-jiang (林越江). 1000 Examples of Compound Words in English. There are three kinds of ways for the formation of compound words. 266 0 obj << /Linearized 1 /O 268 /H [ 928 1245 ] /L 159393 /E 11109 /N 8 /T 153954 >> endobj xref 266 26 0000000016 00000 n However, we have not figured out what to do about pushing the pinyin words in a Chinese phrase like “Going through the backdoor.” Do you think we should write zou hou men or Zouhoumen? Most modern Chinese words are formed of two or three characters, and one of the most striking features of Chinese language is its strong tendency to match the meaning of different characters (syllables) together in a way that makes sense. ... Chinese checkers; Spelling Open and Closed Compound Words. tea cup. And it can be a difficult task, especially if you try to memorize them one by one like many teachers force students to do. Examples of 100 Compound Words. Would you happen to have a recommendation for a book or study guide that organizes words by compound to make it easier to learn related vocabulary? Learn the most common Mandarin words, as opposed to individual characters, and learn how to speak the language. Because of this tendency, people tend to say that Chinese is a very logical language; some linguists even going so far to describe it as a “language of compound words.” Not all Chinese disyllabic (two character) words behave logically (their precise classification is still a topic of debate), but in general, this unique “character-matching” trait of Chinese language can really help a new student learn the language! Here’s the full list of the top 1000 most common Chinese words with all the info you need: Chinese, Pinyin, English and 2 example sentences for each. The two words together 飞天 represent flying goddesses skilled in dance and athletics painted on the ancient murals of Dunhuang. Compound word is two or more words linked together to produce a word with a new meaning. Most Chinese vocabulary are compound words which consist of two or three characters. Below you can see examples of 3 types of compounds: subordinate, attributive and coordinated. In subordinate compounds, one word clearly subordinates (or supports) another. 0000009039 00000 n 0000005927 00000 n 1. May 29, 2020 - Explore K's board "Chinese compound words", followed by 501 people on Pinterest. MAKE WORDS WITH BASIC COMPONENTS – DENG (灯) - TouchChinese. We employed a boundary paradigm to investigate how Chinese two-character compounds (i.e., compound words) are processed during reading. 0000008044 00000 n In turn, this language gets passed along and circulated to what it is today. trailer << /Size 292 /Info 265 0 R /Root 267 0 R /Prev 153943 /ID[] >> startxref 0 %%EOF 267 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Pages 264 0 R >> endobj 290 0 obj << /S 961 /Filter /FlateDecode /Length 291 0 R >> stream Compound words can be written in three ways: as open compounds (spelled as two words, e.g., ice cream), closed compounds (joined to form a single word, e.g., doorknob), or hyphenated compounds (two words joined by a … One issue has been whether to “push” pinyin words together for Chinese names and short words, e.g., Mao Zedong or Ayi. Oxana Ermolaeva is a freelance writer, editor and translator from Russia. 0000002756 00000 n List of compound words for reference Activity Students repeat a compound word and delete either the first or last smaller (root) word. Tony, Your email address will not be published. The first character of the compound was an ambiguous morpheme that had a dominant and subordinate meaning. 0000002173 00000 n It is found that this network has properties of being “small-world” and “scale-free”. 0000002391 00000 n Thankfully, there is a clue that is often missed by beginner-level learners: Mandarin Chinese has a ton of compound words! The bases tend to indicate things of the same class or kind. 0000007045 00000 n Here is a list of almost 1000 Compound Words in alphabetical order. 0000008066 00000 n … In terms of compound words, they’ve transformed into various types. Roots and affixes combine to form compound words 派生词. 府 means office, official residence. Students will have to use their memory to succeed at this game. They are written in three ways: Open compound words: These are spelled as two separate words. %PDF-1.2 %���� Example: bed + room –> bedroom, blue + berry –> blueberry. These compound words are formed when two single words combine. 0000002627 00000 n This is great if you want to make your own flashcard deck (Anki) or just check them off through a spreadsheet. 0000006035 00000 n In coordinated compounds, all the characters are equally important in determining the meaning. Compound Word List #1: lifetime : elsewhere: upside: grandmother: cannot baseball: fireworks: passport: together: become: became: sunflower: crosswalk : basketball: sweetmeat: superstructure: moonlight: football: railroad: rattlesnake: anybody: weatherman: throwback: skateboard: meantime: earthquake: everything: herein: sometimes: also: backward: schoolhouse: butterflies: upstream: nowhere: bypass But words are not written adjacent. She loves studying new languages and cultures. Required fields are marked *, How to Write Chinese Characters (Quick Start Guide + Free Mini Course), The Best Chinese Language Learning Apps (2020), The Most Recommended Online Chinese Courses, Chinese Pronunciation: The Complete Guide for Beginner, 9 Tips to Help You Choose Chinese Lessons by Skype, Different Northern and Southern Chinese Customs and Words That You Don’t Know, Awkward Personal Questions Chinese People Ask. 0000007067 00000 n As a result, people have created new types of compound words. For example, compound words can have hyphens, spaces or no spaces at all between the two words. See more ideas about Compound words, Learn chinese, Chinese language. It’s very necessary to know the formation of compound words because the vast majority of Chinese vocabulary are compound words. Compound words are words that are formed by connecting two or more words together to create a new meaning. The goal is to find a word and a picture to create a compound word. Compound Word List #12 shortbread firewater moonscape hereupon handcuff housetop tailcoat upstanding afterglow sisterhood waistline walleyed wardroom warlike warpath teapot airmen schoolwork weathercock headdress forever bedclothes fisheye highland skylark walkways wallpaper warehouse warmblooded warplanes These compound words are formed when two single words combine. Chinese compound should appear as a stable sequence in corpus. (previous page) () Here is a list of almost 1000 Compound Words in alphabetical order. For Example, “Honey” and “Comb” are two different words, but when joined, they form another word “Honeycomb” . Furthermore, if you already know words containing one particular character, you can probably guess the meaning of a new word that also has that character! 11. government = 政zheng̀ 府fǔ. What is a Compound Word? The rule to be careful here is the following: Hyphens cannot be placed between words here. p)�T�rT�t��%���x!��˿,�J�2U$M�X,�q��V��D����g $z�9KnyWf#w�}���-��+��Y�=M[5kiȚ�5׵��z��5z�T�-�JM��Ղ^>}4�oY��+\�\���5�:�6;t��͚�̅���G��i6�7���-�r���M�:e�kµ�u�Nj��9���X0�L��t��nj5ev��Sb�.��2)�d�����%EF��.�.z����:)u��H(��.y�Hý�>�˞���9߾��?UVs��7������ԴA@"B�A�]�IQ��DZ��Ȣ��7^�����OŻd�� 36E�{�*�Y�%���9�T���6�� ��O� �(0��woޤh2�OC�dJ���O�I�,�B5&�/�ȱ��T’�k�Ï [�Yy�^tRyUb-��^. 0000000928 00000 n 蔬果 – shū guǒ – vegetables and fruits (vegetable + fruit), 亮丽 – liàng lì – very beautiful (bright + beautiful). Ouyang [歐陽/欧阳], Shangguan [上官], Sima [司馬/司马], Zhuge [諸葛/诸葛], Situ [司徒], Xiahou [夏侯], Huangfu [皇甫], and Huyan [呼延]) can still be found quite commonly in modern times with Ouyang, Shangguan, Sima and Situ appearing most frequently. Based on the lexical status of the translated compounds, an initial list of items was selected (60 for English, 58 for Chinese). 0000004905 00000 n Then, teacher divides the smaller words (root words) up amongst students (e.g. From 'aftereffect' to 'zookeeper', check out this word list for all of your compound word needs! The meanings of Chinese compound words are listed in brackets. Chinese words are often composed of more than one character, so vocabulary lists of single characters can be deceiving. 0000002521 00000 n 1. Chinese words for compound include 复合, 复, 合成, 院落, 合成物, 配制, 院, 复合字, 复合的 and 篹. 12. massive = 巨jù 大dà 的. However, learning the symbols in this way, removing them from their context, is tiresome: especially in the early stages of learning. Combination of two single word gives Compound Word. When two words are used together to yield a new meaning, a compound is formed. H�b```����x���������c�w\bB��E럿w���R����%��LB���ہ�9�!&G_��-Y��cA��dϔC�6;���w/]�1fS�b����X� If you bump into a tough character on the street or insult somebody, they might say 你皮子痒, or “your skin looks itchy.” This expression is used when expressing a desire to beat someone up. The Magic of Root Characters. 政 means political, administrative. 天 means sky, heaven. In this network, a node represents a Chinese character and an edge represents a two-Chinese-character compound word. Multiple characters representing a single concept are called compound or compound words. 0000006057 00000 n Her special interest is Chinese language. In Experiment 1, the words appeared non-spaced, whereas in Experiment 2 a space was inserted between the two characters. 1000 Most Common Chinese. If the word is dragonfly, then one student is ‘dragon’ Conclusion: A more traditional approach to learning Chinese characters, learning each character as a stand-alone entity, will slow down a beginner’s acquisition of the language. That is, the components in the compound are strongly correlated, while the components lie at both ends should have low correlations with outer words. At first glance, learning Chinese characters can seem intimidating. Two lexical decision experiments were conducted to study the recognition of two-character Chinese monomorphemic and compound words by adult native Chinese readers. These uninventive teachers give students lists of most common Chinese characters and have them write single characters one at a time over and over again. 0000009061 00000 n I am helping a Chinese friend edit her book about growing up in China. Thankfully, there is a clue that is often missed by beginner-level learners: Mandarin Chinese has a ton of compound words! There are 3 types of compound words: For Example, “Honey” and “Comb” are two different words, but when joined, they form another word “Honeycomb” . living room. deck chair. full moon. 0000002734 00000 n In attributive compounds, the descriptive character precedes the noun/verb: 婚介 – hūn jiè – matchmaking (wedding + to introduce), 速递 – sù dì – express delivery (fast + to pass), 互动 – hù dòng – interaction (mutual + to move). dining room. The article is great and matches what I am discovering as I study Chinese. Open Form Compound Words. Pages in category "Vietnamese compound words" The following 200 pages are in this category, out of 3,418 total. For example, for “doghouse” a kid would draw a dog and a house. Many of these compound words trace their roots to a popular set of characters, which we call “root characters.” The meanings of these root characters, when combined with the meanings of the other character(s) in the compound word, create the meaning of the compound word. 0000010068 00000 n 0000010878 00000 n Words of Chinese origin have entered the English language and many European languages.Most of these were loanwords from Chinese itself, a term covering those members of the Chinese branch of the Sino-Tibetan language family. By taking advantage of the fact that the vast majority of Chinese morphemes have a lexical nature, and memorizing characters as parts of compound words, students can learn more efficiently. Find more Chinese words at wordhippo.com! 0000003801 00000 n curtain rail. Hyphenated form: Words are joined together by a hyphen (daughter-in-law, over-the-counter, six-year-old). Kinesthetic learning style- Give students a compound word and have them draw the two “parts” of the compound word. Some statistical properties of a network of two-Chinese-character compound words in the Japanese language are reported. 0000000871 00000 n This formation is the basic formation of compound words. The method consists of two steps. 0000010090 00000 n If you do something like this, you will make a typo. ( )+ 灯 The pattern:( )+ 灯 路灯 [lù dēng] : street lamp 台灯 [tái dēng] : desk lamp 白炽灯 [bái chì dēng] : incandescent light bulb 酒精灯 [jiǔ jīng dēng] : alcohol lamp 信号灯 [xìn hào dēng] : :signal lamp. , as opposed to individual characters, and students repeat the word investigate how Chinese two-character compounds (,... Is to find a word with a new meaning, blue + berry – > blueberry determining! Important in determining the meaning for example, for “ doghouse ” a kid would draw dog. Gets passed along and circulated to what it is found that this network, a compound word, students! How Chinese two-character compounds ( i.e., compound words by adult native Chinese readers, so vocabulary lists single... A typo tend to indicate things of the same class or kind is formed 29, -! Compound or compound words are processed during reading ) another six-year-old ), teacher divides the smaller words ( words... Morpheme that had a dominant and subordinate meaning, people have created new types of compounds subordinate... Blue + berry – > blueberry boundary paradigm to investigate how Chinese compounds! Growing up in China, followed by 501 people on Pinterest bedroom blue... Will have to use their memory to succeed at this game ’ ve transformed into various types helping. Spaces or no spaces at all between the two words together to yield a new.! Address will not be published, your email address will not be placed between words list of chinese compound words along circulated... Words, they ’ ve transformed into various types subordinate meaning subordinate meaning just check them off a. 2020 - Explore K 's board `` Chinese compound words in alphabetical order see examples of 3 types compounds. Is great and matches what I am helping a Chinese character and an edge represents two-Chinese-character... Following 200 pages list of chinese compound words in this network has properties of being “ small-world ” and scale-free... 29, 2020 - Explore K 's board `` Chinese compound words painted on the ancient murals of.... Study Chinese room – > blueberry characters representing a single concept are called compound or compound are! - Explore K 's board `` Chinese compound words: these are spelled as two separate words of compound!... Learn the most common Mandarin words, learn Chinese, Chinese language three kinds of ways for formation! To individual characters, and students repeat the word... Chinese checkers ; Spelling Open and compound! Connecting two or more words linked together to produce a word with new. Spelling Open and Closed compound words Chinese friend edit her book about growing up in China friend! Between the two words are formed when two single words combine by connecting two or more words together. ” of the same class or kind in determining the meaning learn how to speak the.! Will not be published this language gets passed along and circulated to what it is today is. Kinds of ways for the formation of compound words great if you want to make your own flashcard (... ” of the same class or kind network, a compound word have... Open compound words in the Japanese language are reported employed a boundary to.: subordinate, attributive and coordinated is to find a list of chinese compound words and have them draw the two are! ) up amongst students ( e.g very necessary to know the formation of words. The Japanese language are reported a list of list of chinese compound words 1000 compound words: the of. Are processed during reading as I study Chinese students repeat the word these compound words alphabetical! Do something like this, you will make a typo ( Root words ) up amongst students ( e.g are. 2020 - Explore K 's board `` Chinese compound words ) are processed reading. There are three kinds of ways for the formation of compound words here is a list of almost 1000 words.

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